The eye is the part of our body which provides us with vision and it does this by responding to light. We use our eyes everyday and cannot perform our daily tasks without them. It is better left in our imagination what life would look like without the sense of sight. Now, our eyes are able to make things visible through the iris, retina, cornea and pupil, coupled with these are six muscles which control their movement, providing variations in tension and torque. These muscles include; lateral rectus, inferior rectus, superior rectus, inferior oblique and superior oblique. Of course, fruits and green vegetables have been found to provide the nutrients which help to decrease eye diseases.

What are the possible eye challenges?

Here, just a few common problems  will be briefly discussed.

  1. Eye pain. Consistent eye pain, especially when moving your eyes comes in different unpleasant forms. It can be acute or mild, incessant or intermittent, inside the eye or outside it. Eye pain can some times indicate an inflammation of some of the inner eye parts.

  2. Eye strain. If you read for long hours, drive for long hours or work at a computer at a stretch without looking away from the screen at intervals , you are likely to experience eye strain. Eyestrain means your eyes get tired due to over engaging them.

  1. Blurred vision. If you have faint vision that abruptly occurs and lingers, it should be treated as an emergency. An experience of sudden vision loss or some of obstruction in your vision, could indicate retinal detachment. If you have some minor blurring that comes and goes, it could mean tiredness, dryness or eye strain. Keep in mind that many eye conditions can cause some blurred vision, including allergies, dry eyes, etc.

  2. Itchy eyes.

    This can be either mild or severe. Whichever one affects you, try to avoid rubbing your eyes no matter how tempting it can get. Rubbing releases chemicals called histamines that actually make the itching worse. More so, rubbing your eyes can make them turn red.

  3. Pink eye. Symptoms of this are; itching, burning, swelling, discharge, watery eyes or a combination of all of

these. It might be infectious or not. Allergic conjunctivitis are not contagious, however viral and bacterial forms of pink eye are contagious.

  1. Presbyopia. This occurs when one finds it challenging to clearly see nearby object. It is characterized by blurred vision, holding reading materials inches away, so as to be able to see the letters, or, and eyestrain. In this condition, the fine structures and muscle that support the lens to focus on closer subjects, become stiff. It is part of aging and becomes noticeable in mid 40s.

What steps should you take when you spot these challenges?

The eye is the light of human life, and life without eyes is not bright. Therefore, we must make it our priority to protect our eyes. Practice the following steps if you notice any problems.

  1. First, make sure you are providing your eyes with the proper protection from the sun’s ultraviolet rays. Eye care demands that you make sure you wear eyewear that does not permit harmful rays to get to your eyes. Your choice of eyewear may include, contact lenses, sunglasses or clip-ons if you wear prescription eyeglasses. Continuous exposure to uv rays can bring damage to your eyesight. Protection in youth can help prevent loss of eyesight later years.

  1. Also, get plenty of sleep. Your eyes need to rest, just as your body craves it. Inadequate sleep can cause irritation, difficulty in focusing, dryness or excessive tears, blurred or double vision, light sensitivity, pain in the neck, shoulders or back. Make sure you get enough sleep to prevent all of these. Remember to clean your make up and remove contact lenses if you are wearing one, before you go to bed .

  2. Visit ophthalmologist or an optician.

    In addition to getting a protective wear and getting enough sleep, is scheduling a meeting with an eye practitioner. This could be an ophthalmologist or an optician. They are professionals trained in looking after the health of your eyes. Your eye doctor can diagnose problems that may be fixed with glasses, contacts or surgery. Consult your ophthalmologist if you feel irritation in the eyes, blurring of vision, watery eyes without delay. If prescriptions are made, you can trust us to make them available to you (chat with us). You should know this, to keep your eyes in good health, have your eyes checked regularly. Also, ask questions and learn more about your eyes. Not doing these may add to an existing eye problem or leave you ignorant about your eye health.


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